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How to Grow Ackee Fruit

The scientific name of Ackree is Blighia sapida of the family of Sapindaceae. Other names are Achee, Ackee, vegetable brains or Akee. Ingenious to the tropics it is found in West Africa, Ivory Coast and Jamaica. It is popular in Brazil, Venezuela, South America, Panama and Trinidad.
It was brought into Jamaica in 1793 and the tree is medium to large 20m with bountiful oval canopy. It has stiff, shiny green leaflets with short petioles and evergreen. It has unisexual flowers, pear shaped capsule fruits with 3 lobes.
The fruit turns reddish at full maturity and the capsule splits open longitudinally on maturity. The seeds are inedible smooth, black and shiny. Each flower has green/white petals, yellow, white or creamy aril
Ackee Fruit
Uses
The fruit is canned, prominent in Jamaican cuisine and an ingredient in the countries national dish.  The fruit is canned and a major export product. Only 10% of the fruit is edible and the rest deadly and dangerous to eat. The only edible part the fleshy yellow pulp of a fully developed fruit.
The seeds are inedible and harvesting is done when the fruit opens naturally. The tissue, red veins are discarded while unripe or immature fruit is highly poisonous and toxic. Improper consumption could lead to coma and death.
         The fruit is canned
         Prominent in Jamaican cuisine
Varieties
The flesh consistency determines the type of ackee. They are categorized into smooth, cheese, firm, hard, butter and regular pulp.
Fleshy Pulp Consistency
         Smooth
         Cheese
         Firm
         Hard
         Butter
         Regular pulp
Propagation
The trees grow in subtropical and tropical regions. Best soil quality should be moist, well drained and full of nutrients. However old trees can manage dry soil are hardy and tolerant of cold temperatures for brief periods.
The tree is propagated through the seed are short lived and die within 2 days. They produce fruits in 5 years while seeds germinate in 3 months. Waterlogged areas is bad for the tree including windy areas.
Soil Composition
They need fertile, sandy, limestone, oolitic soil. The soil should be well drained, deep and the tree requires full sunlight. Use dry fertilizer, nutrition sprays, iron application. Control diseases, insect control, pruning and watering.
Planting
Space them 7m from adjacent trees, away from powerlines, buildings or structures. To plant develop a nursery and grow in 10 liter container. Once the trees attain 4 feet transplant in prepared farm land.
Select only healthy trees devoid of infection, diseases or damage. The site should be in a warm area with full access to sun. The soil could be Rockland soil, sandy or native to the area.
The fertilizer should contain 6% phosphoric acid, 10% nitrogen 45 magnesium, 10% potash. Use nutritious spray annually, water regularly until tree is mature. Mulch to retain soil moisture and weed appropriately. The tree is pruned for the first 2 years to control the canopy spread.
Harvesting
The only time to harvest is after the fruit splits longitudinally in a natural process. Any fruit harvested before splitting is unripe and poisonous, same applies to those split too long.
The only edible part is the flesh of the yellow ackee aril after the capsule splits open naturally. If the aril is discolored or soft it is very poisonous and deadly.
Commercial Farming
A commercial farm should have experienced people when harvesting. They could invest in canning machinery and focus on export market. There are strict provisions in the content of the can to ward against unripe ones in the product.
To start the business the farmer needs a business plan. They also need adequate funding, nursery stock, equipment and labor. the site selection is important including weather condition and soil composition.
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How to Grow Abiu Fruit



Abiu is a translucent flesh, bright yellow delicious tasting fruit. The delicacy grows abundantly in tropical climates and warn regions.
Popular in Brazil, Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, Hawaii. The fruit is eaten fresh by cutting into half and scooping the flesh with a spoon. It has a vanilla, caramel and sweetish taste with an oblong seed.
Abiu Tree Plant Specification
1.       Grows in Subtropical Tropical Climate
2.       Propagated or grown through seedlings
3.       Maximum height at maturity 2 to 5m
4.       Requires lots of sunlight 80%
5.       Moderate watering
6.       Fruits from 4 to 5 years
7.       Drained soil, sandy clay loam
8.       Soil PH level 6 to 7
9.       Evergreen leaves
10.     Green fruits become yellow, golden yellow overripe.
11.     Fruit and harvesting months February to October
Abiu Fruit
Health Benefits
The health benefits include eye health, antimicrobial activity and vitamin B3. Others are reduction of respiratory diseases like cough, pulmonary afflictions and bronchitis. It also reduces digestive health issues.
         eye health
         antimicrobial activity
         vitamin B3
         reduction cough
         pulmonary afflictions
         bronchitis
         reduces digestive health issues
The Fruit
The fruit has a translucent pulp, seeds covered with a very thin layer of adherent pulp. The Mature tree can manage 200 to 1000 fruits a year. The taste is delicious with a hint of caramel, vanilla and pineapple.
The fruit is consumed fresh an ingredient in yogurt and ice cream products. When unripe it is green, bright yellow color when ripe, golden yellow when overripe. The skin has a residual latex texture and leathery feel.
Pests and Diseases
The trees, fruits are susceptible to different pests.  The pests cause serious damage to fruits, leaves and tree. Common pests are fruit flies, spotted bugs, thrips, peach moth larvae and piercing moths.
Abiu Pests
         Fruit flies
         Spotted bugs
         Thrips
         Peach moth larvae
         Piercing moths.
Varieties of Abiu
Top producers of the fruit are found in Queensland and the Northern Territory. Those with high quality that produce large fruits are the T31, T25, Z4 and Z2. The best fruits with amazing taste and flavor are the Z3, Z1 and Z2.
Others are Z3 while some have excellent recovery time, full flesh like the Z2 and Z3. The different cultivars of Abiu are Z4, Z3, Z2, Z1 and gray others are Inca Gold, Cape Oasis, T25 and T31.
Types of Abiu Fruit
         T31
         T25
         Z4
         Z2
         Z3
         Z1
         Gray
         Inca Gold
         Cape Oasis
How to Grow Abiu in a Pot
Fill a large pot with a little fertilizer, soil and compost. Then bury seed 2 inches and water immediately. The pot should have good drainage holes and water regularly. The seeds will germinate in 14 days and could reach 4 feet in 6 months.
Propagation
The seeds extracted from the fruit lives a relatively short time and dies within 2 days. Therefore planting is imperative after extracting the seed. Use a foliar nutrient rich spray, regular fertilizer and plant in polybag or pot.
The fruit is planted close to the top soil and germination occurs within 12 days. It takes about nine months to attain 35 cm so transplant to field at 35 to 40 cm. Use deep ripping for compacted soil, provide good irrigation to improve soil drainage.
Waterlogged areas is detriment to the growth of the plant so adequate undersurface drainage is essential. Windy or wet tropical areas should use windbreakers to limit exposure to heavy winds. The trees grow large and might require at least 24 feet from each tree.
Site Selection
The tree requires lots of sunlight to flourish. Make sure the site is devoid of competing trees, structures, power lines or buildings. Areas prone to flooding should be avoided but provide drainage system for wet soil.
The tree is very adaptable and you can plant in sandy, rocky or mound of native soil. To plant on sandy soil make the hole thrice the size of the flowering container.  Dig the hole and add compost or native soil before removing from container and planting.
Back fill to cover the hole, tap slightly and water the plant. Stack when applicable to add support but use natural fiber string to avoid damaging the trunk. Don’t forget to remove grass sold from the field.
Mounding is necessary if the site is prone to occasional flooding. While Rockland soil requires a digging bar to separate the rocky surface. Water new plants every day for a month and irrigate 4 to 5year trees for better productivity.
The amount of water requirement depends on the soil composition, geographical location and weather condition. Prune to remove poorly located upright limbs and maintain a grass free area. Mulch to retail moisture in soil
Soil
The location should have high humidity and temperature from 20C to 35C. The average rainfall should be around 2500 mm per annum and altitudes not exceeding 500m. The trees are perfectly adapted to subtropical, humid tropical regions and grow in wide variety of soil.
The alkaline soil should not exceed 7.5PH, requires good drainage soil, clay loamy to sandy soil. Adequate soil moisture, regulate watering and sunlight is essential for quick growth and development. Using supplementary irrigation during dry season is necessary for more bountiful fruits.
Fertilization
The soil quality and depth dictates the tree density. Introduce compost, manure or chicken manure 36 weeks before planting. Make sure the site has adequate sunlight and plant 5 m in a row and 10 m between rows.
Although grafting produces desirable spices it is not a general practice. The main technique used in commercial production is seedling trees. The application of fertilizer per each year are 500g first year, 1,200g second, 2000g.
They constitute are cured animal manure, superphosphate and dolomite. A fertilizer comprising 12N:12P:17K:2Mg+TE i. Bearing trees require an addition of trace elements like iron 1g/l, solubor 1g/l and zinc 1g/L
Farm Maintenance
Weeding is necessary to remove competing plants. Young trees are pruned by removing broken branches, diseased or dead parts.
A 3m high trunk with 1m branches provides easier harvesting and maintenance. Vigorous regeneration requires removal of dry panicles, suckers and ripe fruits.
Harvesting
A color change of the fruit from green to yellow indicates ripeness. The edible fruit is then picked however continues to ripen. Make sure they are handpicked before they turn deep gold yellow because at this stage they are overripe.
Full ripeness occurs within 4 days and the skin are susceptible to damage if not handled carefully. Harvest 3 months after fruit set with yield variables of 9 kg to 189 kg, 3 to 10 year old trees.
The fruits are graded by size quality, ripeness. They are washed and packed in crates, cardboards or polystyrene. Include labeling with information on farm, harvest date and other important information.
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How to Grow Guava Trees in Container



Guava is a tropical tree that bare delicious fruits. It is an attractive plant with huge plumage and grows to a height of 14 feet.
Culinary uses include production of jam, marmalade, jellies and candle. The fruit is rich in dietary fiber, fatty acids and vitamin C. You can row the fruit in a container of farm land.
Pests and Diseases
There are some pests and diseases that affect growth of the plant. Common pests are thrips, moth, mealy bugs, scale.
Others are guava white flies, fruit flies and rodents. The plant suffers leaf spots, anthrcnose, ant attacks. Repel bugs on the plant by spraying a dilute solution of neem oil or garlic solution.
guava
Guava Diseases and Pests
         Thrips
         Moth
         Mealy bugs
         Scale
         guava white flies
         fruit flies
         rodents
Types of Guava
There are different types of guava to choose from we have the strawberry guava, pineapple guava, apple guava.
Guava Verities
         Strawberry guava
         Pineapple guava
         Apple guava
Ways to Grow Guava
There are three ways to grow guava. They grow through air layering, grafting and seed propagation.
How to Grow Guava from Seeds
Large commercial farms propagate through stem cutting, budding and grafting. However the plan can be grown from seed in a pot or container. Guava hardly grows or reproduce true to type however the method of seed growing is a normal practice.
To grow the fruit break the seed dormancy by boiling or soaking. Soak for 2 weeks in water or boil for 5 minutes. This will soften the seed in preparation to planting.
Place soilless seed starter mix and put the seed in the soilless mixture. Make sure the plant has adequate sunlight and water when top soil is dry to keep soil moist. Ideal temperature for growth is about 64F while germination takes 4-10 weeks. Transplant when they reach 5 to 14 inch high.
Growing the Guava
1.       Boiling or soaking
2.       Add soilless seed starter mix
3.       Put the seed in the soilless mixture
4.       Ensure adequate sunlight
5.       Water to keep soil moist
6.       Ideal temperature 64F
7.       Germination takes 4-10 weeks
8.       Transplant at 5 to 14 inch high.
Plant in Pot
The pot should be large enough to contain the pottering plant. Use a pot with good drainage holes and about 14inches. You can prune the plant to control the height and size.
Although pot grown guava are easier to harvest the fruits are relatively smaller than those grown on the ground. The fruit requires adequate sunlight and cold die in cold weather.
Grow in Ground and Soil.
Those grown in farms could reach 28 feet in height. The soil composition should have a PH level of 5 to 7. Use organic fertilizer, compost or manure to boost soil quality.
Fruiting can be stimulated in adult plant by pruning or restricting watering. Harvest the fruit 4 months after the flower blooms. The ripe fruits attain a green color and becomes softer.
Mulch
Mulch to retain moisture value in the soil. Mulch 1o to 12 inch from truck with 5 inch bark and wood chippings. Remove any weed to discourage competition for soil nutrients.
Pruning and Low temperature
To protect from low temperature or freezing cover at night with a blanket. Potted guava plants can be moved to warmer areas of the house. To stimulate production of leaves and new branches prune the young plant when it attains 2 feet in length. Cut the tips with a knife of clean shears.
Adding Fertilizer
Fertilize adult trees twice a year and young every two months. The fertilizer should contain magnesium, potash, phosphorous and nitrogen.
The tree is a heavy feeder so maintain a mix of nitrogen 6, phosphorous 6, potash 6 magnesium 2. Introduce iron sulphate 2 times a year for best results.
Harvesting Guava
Guava matures 150 to 160 days after flowering. The fruit becomes soft, fruit changes color from green to yellow or pale green.
The fruit become rounded and ridges disappear with a noticeable depression close to the stalk. Collect the fruits with a basket, ladder for high fruits. Harvest at least twice a week and use hand pulling to dislodge the fruits.
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How to Start a Watermelon Farm



A farmer has the choice of over 50 varieties of watermelon. Some a green, yellow, orange or gold colored. You have both seeded, seedless varieties with different flavors and taste.
We have sweet ones, fleshy, dark green and ruby colored pulp melons. The sizes range from 6 pounders to 200 pound giants. You need proper financing, huge parcel of land, casual labor. Other requirements are business name, company incorporation, insurance and tax.
Varieties of Watermelon
Horticulturists have developed different cultivars of watermelon. They are differentiated by color, taste, size, and texture. The types are categorized into seedless watermelons, Yellow/Orange melons.
Others are Icebox Watermelons, Picnic Watermelons. Popular types are the Yellow Doll, Extazy, Crimson Sweet and Little Baby Flower. Others are Sweet Favorite, Yellow Baby, Sugar Baby watermelon, and summer flavor.
More include Stars ‘n’ Stripes, Starbrite, Starlight, Sangria, and cream of Saskatchewan. We have the Golden Midget, Mickylee, Moon and Stars and Pixie,
watermelon
Features
They have different features like the Yellow Dolls rind patterns, tender Yellow Baby to light green patches on blue-green ring of the Sweet Favorite.
There are 30 pounds elongated hybrid Stars ‘n; Stripes, Starbrite bright pink medium flesh fruit while Jubilee exceeds 40 pounds.
More are the beautiful yellow mini weight Golden Midget, seedless Extazy, bright red and fleshy Crimson Sweet.
Types of Watermelons
Recommended varieties ideal for commercial farming are Golden Midget, Sweet Beauty, and Sugar Baby.
Yellow Watermelons
They are fleshy seeded, seedless yellow or orange fruits.
         Yellow Doll
         Yellow Baby
         Desert King
         Tendergold
Picnic Watermelons
         Black Diamond
         Charleston Grey
         Jubilee
         Crimson Sweet
         Allsweet
Seedless Watermelon
         Crimson
         Trio
         Nova
         Millionaire
         King of Hearts
         Jack of Hearts
Diseases and Pests
The watermelon plant are affected by some pests and diseases. Common diseases/pests are squash vine borer moths, aphids. Fusarium and Cucumber Beetles.
         squash vine borer moths
         aphids
         Fusarium
         Cucumber Beetles
How to Grow Watermelon
They flourish in warm weather and the farmer can plant seeds. They don’t do well in cold climate however the gardener could start the process by growing the indoors. Ideal temperature to grow watermelon is 70F.
Start the seeding process indoors and transplant as they grow. Make sure you prepare the soil ahead of planting. Use composite, seaweeds, manure to enrich the soil and ensure proper drainage.
Best soil composition is loamy with moderate application of fertilizer, soil PH 6 to 6.9. Grow them in raised hilly rows and space 2.5 feet apart, 4.5 feet wide or 6 x 6 rows. Protect the plant from pests by covering the vines with row covers and remove when flowering occurs.
Planting Watermelon
1.       Seed indoors
2.       Transplant as they grow
3.       Prepare the soil
4.       Use composite, seaweeds, manure
5.       Soil PH 6 to 6.9
6.       Ideal Temperature 70F
7.       Grow in raised rows
8.       Protect from pests
9.       Harvest when ripe
How to Care for the Plant
The plant requires 1.5 inches of water per week until fruits form. Avoid waterlogging or wetting leaves however keep soil moist and reduce when fruiting. Use plastic mulching to encourage clean fruits, prevent weed growth and warm the soil.
Prevent lateral side vines grow to improve the primary vine productivity. Use nitrogen rich fertilizer or liquid seaweed in early stage of vine development. Pruning is unnecessary however remove some blooms to allow others develop quicker (optional).
The production of flowers of both sexes develop at different times. The male flowers first emerges and female flowers several weeks after.
Pollination is important to the development of fruits and the female flowers are the ones that will bare fruits. To avoid rotting place cardboards under the fruits.
Harvesting and Storage
The Golden Midget matures in 70 days and produces 3 pound, yellow skinned, pink flesh fruits. The sugar baby has red flesh and bares 10 pound melons while Sweet Baby matures in 80 days has red flesh, oblong shaped melons.
Ripe melons have contrasting stripes on top and sound hollow. The bottom of ripe melons are yellow or cream colored and tendrils should be half dead. Fully dead tendril means the fruits are over-ripe.
Cut the stem with a clean sharp knife close to the fruit. Storage methods include refrigeration, wrapped in plastic or uncut. Storage period is relatively short so sell within 1 to 3 days.
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How to Start a Pepper Farm



Peppers range from mild, meaty and spicy varieties. They are easy to grow, require occasional watering, warm weather and at least 7 hours sunlight.
To start the business you need agricultural land, good seeds, equipment and labor. Find out zoning requirements, startup costs and tax. Learn how to grow them, select the type popular in your area and dig a borehole/well.
Health Benefits of Pepper
Pepper improves cognitive function, provides respiratory relief and has antibacterial quality. It supports weight loss, skin care, improves digestion.  It is believed to revitalize hair, used to treat dandruff and cures vitiligo. 
It could be applied as a scrub too exfoliate the skin, fight wrinkles, aid the treatment of diabetes. Some believe it improves fertility in men, helps quit smoking and improves oral health.
It relives cold, cough, fight infections, lower blood pressure. Despite all the benefits pepper should be avoided during pregnancy or while breast feeding. It also causes irritation and red eyes.
peppers
Benefits of Pepper
         improves cognitive function
         provides respiratory relief
         has antibacterial quality
         supports weight loss
         skin care
         improves digestion
         revitalize hair
         used to treat dandruff
         cures vitiligo
         exfoliates the skin
         fight wrinkles
         aid the treatment of diabetes
         improves fertility in men
         help quit smoking
         improves oral health
         relives cold, cough
         fight infections
         lower blood pressure
Uses
It has many culinary used in stews, soups and dishes. It is a primary ingredient in black pepper sauce, Lack pepper tea. Pepper is grilled, boiled, steamed, ground, grated or fried. They are canned, turned into powder or different food products.
         Stews
         Soups
         Dishes
         Black pepper sauce
         Lack pepper tea
         Canned
         Different food products.
Types of Pepper
There is a huge variety of pepper to choose based on tastes, texture, color and flavor. Popular types are Bell pepper, Jalapeno, cayenne, habanero, piri-piri and capsicum.
Others are sweet chili peppers, pubescens, malagueta pepper, scotch bonnet, Trinidad moruga, Trinidad scorpion and Madame Jeanette. Serrano peppers are small, green and hot to taste while Jalapeno are spicy, red or green.
Anaheim are moderately hot green with long slender shape. Pimentos are red, heart shaped mildly hot while bell peppers come in different colors of orange, green, yellow and red.
Different Types of Pepper
         Bell pepper
         Jalapeno
         Cayenne
         Habanero
         Piri-piri
         Capsicum
         Chili peppers
         Pubescens
         Malagueta pepper
         Scotch bonnet
         Trinidad moruga
         Trinidad scorpion
         Madame Jeanette
         Serrano peppers
         Anaheim
         Pimento
Equipment
Make sure you have a good irrigation system, and fence. You need wheelbarrow, rake, digger, shovel and thermometer. More equipment is fertilizer/chemical injector, harvest bins, picnic basket. Buy attached lid plastic containers, tying tools, blades and shears. Stakes.
List of Farming Equipment
         irrigation system
         Perimeter Fence
         Wheelbarrow
         Rake
         Digger
         Shovel
         Thermometer
         Fertilizer/chemical injector
         Harvest bins
         Picnic basket
         Attached lid plastic containers
         Tying tools
         Blades
         Shears
         Stakes
         Pepper Cage
How to Grow Peppers
They will grow in flowering pots, containers, flower beds farm ground. The soil should have enough organic matter and compost. The soil composition should have a PH level not exceeding 7.2.
Make sure the farm has adequate water and soil should be properly drained. Plant seeds 25 inches apart, water immediately. The total water requirements weekly should not exceed 2 inches. 
To stimulate fast growth introduce liquid plant food and fertilizer. The soil should be kept moist by introducing mulch. As they grow the stems would need support so use stakes to carry the plants weight.
Harvesting
To harvest use clean shears to remove ripe ones. Storage method involves keeping in airtight container, drying them or refrigeration.
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How to Start an Onion Farm



Onion is a widely cultivated species of the allium genus. The perennial vegetable has bluish-green leaves with bulbs at bottom of plant.
Their underground stems are surrounded by modified scaly leaves. The bulbs are compressed and outer structure becomes dry and brittle. Selectively cultivated for thousands of years perfect for culinary and non-culinary uses.
Onion farming is very lucrative and the have good commercial value. To start a farm you need funds, equipment, land, company registration and labor.
Uses of Onion
They are used to enhance the taste of sauces, stock and soups. Prevalent in culinary applications worldwide, they are flavonoids, canned, grilled, pickled or eaten raw. Other uses include deep frying, garnishing and battering.
The shoots and bulb are edible, emit a pungent sulphur based vapor that stings the eyes. A member of genus allium family they are closely related to shallots, chives and garlic. The bulb is popular in cuisines, enhances the taste of dishes and perfect addition to sandwiches and salads.
onions
Onion Uses
         Used in sauces
         Stock
         Soups
         Culinary dishes
         Canned
         grilled
         picked
         eaten raw
         add flavor
         Deep fried
         garnished
         battered
Types of Onions
There are different types of onions based on size, color, taste and flavor. Common types are the red onions, shallots and white onions. Others include yellow onions, green and sweet onions.
different types of onions
Types
         Red onions
         Shallots
         White onions
         Yellow onions
         Green
         Sweet onions
Shallots
Shallots are tiny purple fleshed brown skinned onions. They have a powerful flavor, thin layers with a pungent smell similar to garlic. Ideal for saucing, salads and delicious when roasted alongside chicken recipes.
Red Onions
Red onions are highly popular and feature a deep magenta color. The reddish color is prevalent in the flesh and skin surface. Ideal for burgers, salads, sandwich it is eaten raw, fried, roasted or added to dishes.
Green Onions
An immature plant with partial bulbs or none are green onions. The entire plant is consumed in omelets, soups or added as a garnish. Perfect for salads every bit of the plant is edible when processed.
Yellow Onions
The top of the pack are yellow onions ideal for different culinary applications. It has a rich pungent flavor and lovely aroma. The flesh is white surrounded by heavy brown parchment skin.
White Onions
You find white onions in homemade guacamole, fresh salsa and other dishes. It has slightly sweet, mild taste with white skin.
Sweet Onions
This type contains sweet flavor and extra sugar. Larger than the yellow verity the skin is slightly opaque and ideal for roasting or caramelizing.
Pests and Diseases
The two main threats are onion maggots and tiny insects called thrips. Prevent molding soil around the plant. Use mesh netting to prevent maggot eggs at base of plant. More problems are from onion eelworms and fungi.
         Fungi
         Nematodes
         Onion Maggots
         Thrips
Write a Business Plan
Write an onion farm business plan and carryout a feasibility study. Secure funding from commercial banks in your area. You need landed property, labor, seeds and company registration. Register the farm as a limited liability company. You need tax identification number, insurance cover.
How to Plant Onions
The first step is to find an ideal location with plenty of sunlight. Compacted soil would affect the growth of the plant so soil should be loose, nitrogen rich and well-drained.  Introduce compost, manure in preparation of planting.
The best time to grow onions is early spring with outdoors temperature above 25F. Plant fresh seed an inch under the soil for best results. If they were planted indoors in flowering pots transplant to the prepared soil.
Space them 5 inches apart in long rows 18 inches apart. Make sure you introduce mulch between the rows to retain the soils moisture content. Farmers generally practice crop rotation and use nitrogen rich fertilizer.
It is possible to plant a sprouted onion to get lots of green sprouts. To plant a sprouted onion place it in a pot with soil and water. Make sure it gets lots of sunlight and soil properly drained.
Care for the Onions
Rich soil, sunlight and occasional watering would grow big onions. Use nitrogen rich fertilizer every three weeks and allow bulb emerge from oil.
Harvesting Onion
The farmer should recognize the signs when they ripen. On maturity the foliage becomes yellow and fall over. At this point speed the process by bending the tops down to encourage drying and loosen the soil around the bulb.
Once the tops assume a brown color pull the onions and allow to cure for a few days on the ground. Handle with care to prevent bruising or development of rot. Then let them dry for several weeks by spreading them on a screen above the ground. Store separately from any fruits or vegetables.
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