How to Start a Beef Cattle Farm

Beef cattle business is highly lucrative and easy to establish. The meat/diary is in huge demand and marketable. The business is capital intensive requires landed property, equipment, feeding and housing.
The farmer should decide on small, extensive or intensive farming. Major challenges are disposal of effluence, feeding sources and funding. Depending on your business template you might need lactating cows, bred heifers, feeders, herd bulls or replacement cows.
To start determine the popular breed in your demography. Then write a business plan and feasibility study. Approach an agricultural based bank for long term, low interest loans. Finally get state or government permit, incorporate the business and get insurance cover.
Beef Cattle
The Top Beef Producers
Some countries are major sources of beef worldwide. The top beef producers are Russia, Australia and Brazil. Others are the European Union, Argentina and United States of America.
Things to Consider
There are things to consider before starting a Cattle Beef Farm. The first is the breed of cattle, range of beef, intensive or pasture.
Others are method of feeding, healthcare, cattle housing and method of bedding. More include veterinary services, management tools, equipment and inventory.
           Breed of cattle
           Range of beef
           Intensive or pasture
           Method of feeding
           Cattle housing
           Method of bedding
           Veterinary services
           Management tools
Beef Cattle Breeds
The type of cattle raised for meat production is huge. The three stages of beef production are calf operations, background and feedlot. The cattle are selected specifically for beef production. Some are dual purpose for the production of meat and milk. Others are bred for their offspring while the calves proceed to a feedlot for fatten.
The breeding could be through a natural mating process or artificial insemination. The selective process focuses on the animal’s genetics, disease resistance and adaptability to a geographical location. The cattle need a stress free environment to grow and gain weight. 
Different types of cattle breeds are Afrikaner, Aberdeen Angus,Ausralian Bradford, Geefmaster. Others are Black Haredford, Boran, Brahman, British White and Chianina.
We have Dexter, English Longhorn, Galloway, Han-u, Highland and Irish Moiled. More include the North Devon, Red Angus,Salers, Sussex, Square Meater, Wagyu, White Park and Welsh Black.
Beef Cattle Breeds
Here is a list of some beef cattle breeds
           Australian Bradford
           Black Hereford
           Boran, Brahman
           British White and Chianina
           English Longhorn
           Irish Moiled
           North Devon
           Red Angus
           Square Meater
           White Park
           Welsh Black
The Features differ based on breed and geographical location. The colours are red, black, white, yellowish brown, deep red. Some are extremely muscular, large with long hairs. Others have hump over shoulders, long or short horned, upswept horns and hardy.
Types of Cattle Production and Uses
Cattles are the main source of protein, milk and hide. They have pharmaceutical applications, used in fertilizer, dairy products and fuel. There are basically four types of cattle production.
You have the extensive diary, intensive beef, intensive diary and range beef. Intensive diary uses both automated and manual milking system. Animals that live outside with lots of grazing are extensive diary. Range beef farming is when cattle are allowed to graze extensive pastures.
           Aberdeen Angus
           Extensive diary
           Intensive beef
           Intensive diary
           Range beef
Equipment for Beef Farming
The equipment for beef farming is different from those used for milk production. Different functions determine the type of equipment you need. You need loading chute for transporting the cattle and scale to weigh them. 
Build a crowding pen, holding pen and holding chute. The working chute connects holding pen and holding chute. You need a sturdy headgate , scissor-stanchion, feeder bunks and portable hay feeders.
The cattle need an electric fence to prevent wandering. The calves require their own feeder area and passage gates. Add fixation forehead adhere passageways and panel with passage for calf.
You need different gates or pasture door, divider doors and supporting gates. You need to create a passage semicircle quadrant and fence to divide pens.
Beef Cattle Equipment
           Feed area for calves
           Resource post
           Mobile strain gauge
           Divider doors
           Dividers between pens
           Pasture door
           Perimeter fencing
           loading chute
           scale to weigh
           crowding pen
           holding pen
           holding chute
           working chute
           Bucket, rope, wheelbarrow
           Feeder bunks
           Portable hay feeders
Beef Cattle Housing
The cattle need confinement pens and roof shelter. The housing provides shelter from extreme weather conditions like rain, sun, snow or windy days. Other considerations in housing design include location, topography, pasture and breed of cattle.
There are strict government rules on housing, permits and licensing. The land you choose should conform to zoning requirements, good drainage and away from urban areas. The housing structure depends on the type of farming.
To house beef cattle you can build an open side single slop roof or hoop barn. The hoop barn is ideal for farmers who prefer the cattle grazing. Make sure the barn has adequate ventilation, lighting and heat.
The animal’s diet affects the flavour of the milk and meat and farmers use different feed systems. The different feed production systems are silage, legumes and grass. Beef pasture cattle are fed grass, soy, grains, hay, corn supplements. The feeding systems are grazing, industrial production and integrated livestock-crop farming. Industrial production relies on intensive feeding programs and inclusion additives, growth hormones, veterinary drugs. Grazing is basically free ranging grassland areas or pastures. Some farmers integrate crop residues, fallows to the feeding program. The farmer may choose exclusive grass feeding, corn or concentrated animal feed. Others use barley based diet, mixed feed grains with antibiotics routinely added to the grain feed.
What is Fed to Cattle
           Sorting box
           Growth hormones
           Veterinary drug
           integrate crop residues
           Concentrated animal feed
The animals have diseases like mad cow diseases or E.coli. Others are campylobacter, bovine leukaemia virus. Symptoms to watch out for are abdominal pain, fever, vomiting and nausea.
Sell the meat to refrigerated trucks, restaurants and hotels. Sell directly to meat wholesalers and retailers. You can sell to other farmers and beef processing companies.
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